A three year BeesAbroad project in Kenya which was funded by DFID funded project has been recognised for it’s significant contribution to the goal of poverty relief in the area. DFID deemed that the outcomes of the project, which had a budget of £246,798 controlled by Bees Abroad, had exceeded expections, were ‘highly relevant’ and ‘incorporated value for money aspects particularly related to economy’.
“the beekeeping based activities provided a level of resilience to extreme weather events that typically impact on livestock and crop production in these areas”. Ms Judy Amoke, Performance and Risk Manager, DfID
11 of the beekeepers’ groups set up attained quality certification from the Kenya Bureau of Standards.
4 co-operatives established with full business plans
15 market outlets formalised
More than 450 households reported planting five or more bee-friendly trees or shrubs.
“It is clear … the project had achieved good results, hence worth replication and scaling up. It is our wish to engage partners who work towards value for money and ensure such verifiable results”. ACT! (Act, Transform, Change), the allocating group for DfID money in Kenya
BeesAbroad are very proud of this project and look forward to many more similar successes in the future. Many thanks to Bees Abroad volunteers John and Mary Home who managed the project together with David Evans as project accountant.
Liz Bates has written a wonderful article in the magazine BeeCraft, explaining how the migration of honeybees in Kenya is part of the natural rhythm of beekeeping in a region with two rainy seasons. She also demonstrates how, with help from Bees Abroad, these communities are sourcing hive equipment locally, and making valuable products.
We’re delighted that BeeCraft have let us reproduce Liz’s article on our website.
Roy Dyche and Geoff Redwood have recently returned from Hoima in Uganda, where they have been supporting and evaluating our project there.
The project was begun in May 2012, its aim being to help vulnerable women in Uganda’s Hoima District to provide for their large households by introducing them to modern, environmentally sustainable beekeeping as a source of much-needed income. Many of the women are widows or single mothers, and nearly all are subsistence farmers growing little more than they need to feed their families. The average household has between six and seven members, well over half of whom are children of school-going age or younger.
The implementation of the project is being handled by our local partners, the small Bigasa Sustainable Development Foundation (BISUDEF). Together with BISUDEF, we are helping women’s groups in Hoima District to undertake beekeeping or improve their existing beekeeping by training them to construct, manage and harvest Kenyan topbar hives. They have also been shown how to add value to their wax; and they are being provided with a ready market for their honey via a new buying & marketing operation run by BISUDEF.
Our members are organised in groups on a geographical basis and at the start of the third phase, which has just ended, four more groups were added to the twelve which already existed. This brought the total number of our direct beneficiaries to 170. When the rest of their households are included, over a thousand people now stand to gain from the project.
The four new group leaders (GLs) had been trained as members of earlier groups and had passed this training on to the new recruits. We had given them bicycles to make it easier for them to reach their members at their homesteads. The groups themselves had been issued with inputs similar to those earlier groups had received; for example, smokers, protective clothing, gloves and food-grade buckets in which to store their honey. After the initial training, BISUDEF’s field officers had visited all sixteen groups regularly in order to offer advice and any supplementary training that was needed.
Although by the end of the third phase there had been a pleasing increase in the number our members’ hives that were colonised with bees — 22% last year, 51% this — the amount of honey taken from them so far this season had been disappointing. The explanation was clear. Traditionally the harvesting season lasts from February, soon after the rains begin, and ends in May. This year the rains did not start till March 2015, so harvesting had been delayed by four weeks or so. We are hoping the season will redeem itself by extending into June.
BISUDEF’s buying and marketing operation had gone well during the phase. For reasons already given, the buying side of the business had been slow this season but they were now selling nearly twice as many jars of their ‘Family Life’ honey to local stores.
Despite the modest harvest so far, the morale of our members remained high and the GLs had proved as committed and conscientious as ever, as had the BISUDEF team.
During their visit, Geoff and Roy helped to launch the fourth phase, which will mark the end of Bees Abroad’s participation in the project. During this final phase, no more groups will be recruited. However we have begun to see ‘unofficial’ groups being formed, eager to replicate the project’s beekeeping model, even though the budget does not allow us to provide them with any support, other than occasional visits from the BISUDEF field officers. This is a very welcome development and we expect more such groups to be set up during the fourth phase and thereafter. Phase 4 has two main objectives:
1. Maintaining support for our beekeepers
There will be no further material inputs for our members, but because people do not acquire the knowledge and confidence to manage modern hives in just a year or two, the longer they can rely on BISUDEF’s technical support, the better. For this reason the field officers will continue their regular advisory visits for another twelve months.
We will also continue to enable group leaders to attend the monitoring meetings in Hoima town, by providing the cost of their transport to and from the town.
2. Forming a women’s beekeeping association
To help sustain the project’s considerable achievements, we aim to organise our beekeepers into an officially registered women’s beekeeping association, with the GLs constituting the core management. In this way the GLs’ esprit de corps and management skills will not be lost and the women’s beekeeping will be put on a near autonomous footing, largely independent of BISUDEF.
Bees Abroad have recently been partnering with Ashanti Development in the Ashanti region of Ghana to train members of this rural community in the skills and practice of beekeeping. This is another great example of how Bees Abroad helps to relieve poverty. Antonella Sinopoli has made a video based around the running of this course, which can be viewed at this link, and features some of the Bees Abroad project officers Brian Durk and Ashanti Development project managers Dawn Williamson and Paul Bloch, as well as our brilliant training officer, Victor Ayeebo. You can read more about the work of Ashanti Development at their website.
As an example of the impact projects such as this can have, here is a photo of John Partey, a beekeeper in Bimponso, near Twifo Praso in the Central Region of Ghana. John recently told us that he has been able to fund sending his son Joseph firstly to Polytechnic and is now going to send him to University. All this from the honey produced from 17 colonies of bees. John has been helped on his journey to successful and profitable beekeeping with support from Bees Abroad, through our Twifo Praso project. John is pictured with Brian Durk and Caroline Luxford, one of our newest project managers.
Bees Abroad project manager Roy Dyche talks to a member of our Ugandan project.
“So many of my friends were telling me about the beekeeping that had arrived in our district. I was excited. I wanted to become a beekeeper too, so I decided to join the project.” And this is what Beatrice Kamaujobe had done. A year earlier, when two more women’s groups were added to the project, she enrolled in one of them.
“Grace, the leader of my group, was very good. She trained us well. The BISUDEF field officer also gave us a lot of help. I already feel like a real beekeeper.” (BISUDEF is the small local organisation which is implementing the project as our partners).
I was to see later just how well Beatrice had been trained. First I wanted to know a little more about her and her family.
“My husband and I, we are farmers. We grow enough to feed ourselves and the children and a bit more to sell at the market — maize and rice. We scrape by but it’s a struggle. “There are eight of us living in our small house over there: my husband and me, the three of my six children who are still at home and three grandchildren. All six of the kids are in school. That’s where most of the few shillings we earn go, school fees.”
I wondered why she was paying fees when education in Uganda was supposed to be free. “No, it isn’t really free. You still have to buy uniforms and books and other things. But anyway we don’t send our children to state schools. The size of the classes is too large, often more than 150. And the teachers aren’t always in the classroom. So we send our six to private schools; even poor people like us do that. Of course it costs more but the children are getting a proper education there.”
She invited me to see her hives, which were sited on the family plot not far from the house. I was impressed. She had made six modern hives for herself and installed them in her apiary, a small area from which the vegetation had been completely cleared to deter lizards and ants, the scourge of African beekeepers. The hives had been very well constructed from sticks and a mixture of mud and ash, and were suspended securely from stout poles.
Four of the hives had been occupied by passing swarms but the bees had only quite recently taken up residence so I assumed they hadn’t provided her with any surplus honey yet.
“Oh yes they have. I’ve already taken ten kilos. We used half of that to give us a better diet and for medicinal purposes. I sold the rest for 30,000 shillings [about £8]. And there’s another hive ready for harvesting. It’s a good start.”
It certainly was a good start. £8 wouldn’t go far in the UK but a Ugandan villager can do a lot with 30,000 shillings.
“We used the money to hire labour to open up a patch of bush because we want to grow more rice. We’ve managed to buy the rice seedlings as well.” So was she happy with how the year had gone? “Very happy! I’m more confident with bees now. They don’t frighten me the way they did. But I still find it a bit difficult harvesting my honey because I don’t have my own protective gear. I have to borrow other people’s. “I’m just a beginner, I realise that, and I need more training but I have plans to make my apiary bigger. I’ve got another two hives ready for hanging and I’m not going to stop there. The more hives I have, the more shillings I can earn. And that will make our lives a lot easier.”
There are quite a few Beatrices in Uganda’s Hoima District now, women full of enthusiasm for the project and gaining much-needed financial benefits from it. It’s stories like hers that reassure us all at Bees Abroad — and should reassure our supporters too — that the work we are doing in the developing world is making a real difference.
Here are photos of Sinyati women’s group as they exhibited during the Baringo county Honey Conference (26-28 June 2014) which was attended by 500 people and presided over by the County Governor Hon. Benjamin Chebo. In the photos, he is looking at the products on the stand.
It was only the group which the Governor mentioned as a good example in the county successfully doing value-addition with their honey production. Sinyati women group has become a model and the only group that was able to demonstrate simple and appropriate beekeeping skills especially the value addition products and Amaizing Bee suits – the only one of its kind in the exhibition
You can read more about Bees Abroad’s work with the Sinyati women’s groups in these posts:
John Home says biology can find solutions to the biggest problems – like stopping a six-tonne African elephant in its tracks.
John wrote an article for the magazine “The Biologist”, and we are delighted that they’ve let us reproduce the article on our website. Read more about the work of Dr Lucy King in Kenya, helping farmers protect their livelihoods from damage by elephants using beehives.
We are delighted to be able to announce that Bees Abroad has secured major funding from the UK Department for International Aid (DFID) for a three-year project to alleviate poverty through advancing beekeeping skills and supporting bio-conservation and bio-enterprise in the arid and semi-arid land (ASAL) in the Kenyan district of Laikipia. Our chairman, John Home might be interviewed with Lyn Featherstone, Minister for Overseas Development on BBC radio 4 at lunchtime on 24th December 2013 (subject to the ever-changing news priorities). Jimmy Doherty, one of Bees Abroad’s patrons, commented enthusiastically on the project, saying “It’s wonderful to think that 900 households will be given beekeeping skills that can be used straight away and then handed on to future generations.”
Twelve beekeepers from across the UK were invited to a Project Leaders’ Day at John and Mary Home’s Honey farm at Deepers Bridge, near Coventry, for a beekeeping day. Certainly for the writer, one like none other. The purpose of our visit had absolutely nothing to do with beekeeping as we UK beekeepers know it, but was all about beekeeping in Africa and the various admirable projects in which Bees Abroad is involved. Before turning to specific detail, let me say straightaway that the experience was mind- blowing in the sense that we were, for example, to learn that our UK conventional, perhaps even petty thoughts, involving say, the pros and cons of one hive against another or perhaps the advantage and disadvantage of double against single broodchamber working have no application in Africa or elsewhere in the Third World. In particular, we were to learn that standard UK and US equipment, although introduced to Africa by others in the past, have no application, at least in the long run, for two fundamental reasons: cost and sustainability.
Why cost? The cost of a full National Hive and additions such as extractors and the like are quite beyond the financial resources of those being helped by Bees Abroad, and even if gifted in the first place, the local beekeepers would never have the financial means to maintain them. We learned that one of the key aspects of Bees Abroad’s work is to ensure that local beekeepers can, for almost no cost, make and maintain equipment from local sustainable sources. This is a vital need which may make all the difference between a family surviving or going without food. As a further example, the produce of one hive may keep an African child in education for one year. Of course, cheap production from the hive will achieve little unless produce is fit for sale and is properly marketed – other aspects of Bees Abroad’s work.
It was made clear too that there would be no opportunity for us to sit back, and soon we were put to work. Our first job was to make a top bar hive, for which we were divided into two teams. Our raw materials for the task were a piece of cardboard, a piece of A4 paper(double folded it makes an excellent set square), a saw, one or two strips of wood, some straight poles (one side of the wood was made with the boards, the other with the poles), some Deepers Bridge mud plastered over the poles to render them bee-proof, some rather superior nails purloined from John’s bee store, some old beer bottle tops, to be used as washers for nailing down the poles, a short length of binder twine to tie the poles together before fixing to the box, and some bars of wood coated with wax, as starter strips and finally a hammer. I was duly reprimanded by Pam Gregory of the Bees Abroad team “You know Andrew, if you were building this hive in Africa, you would not be able to use so many nails!”. Point taken.
Job achieved: we were into bee suit making. None of the splendid UK off-the-shelf stuff, but suits which African families can make with whatever suitable material is to hand. For us it was maize sacks; one for the legs, one for the body and one for the head and arms, all sewn together after first using a smouldering twig to seal frayed ends. Fine-weave black material of whatever type then makes the veil.
Next we were into wax rendering. Dirty wax is first washed to reduce impurities including honey. The residue is then broken down and put into metal drums and water added to the mash. A fire is then lit under the drum and its contents heated sufficiently to melt the wax which when cooled and solidified is removed from the drum. The process is repeated until clean wax is obtained. This is the most frequently used process. Local people are, however, encouraged to use whatever is to hand to produce clean wax, for example, an old polystyrene tray into which washed wax had been added and enclosed with a sheet of polythene and put out into the sun has proved to be a viable solar extractor. This production and export of wax is important to beekeepers, and users and processors of wax elsewhere in the world. For example, much of the wax used by our UK suppliers is sourced from Africa.
In the afternoon, we went onto Mary’s kitchen to process and to try out a quite extraordinary variety of products from the African hive, including soaps, cream and polishes, each with its own delicate- or in a few cases- indelicate smells.
All in all, it was a great day out, but more important was its witness to the marvellous work being done by the Bees Abroad team. Of those present, it is invidious to mention names, save for John and Mary Home and Pam Gregory. Their lead and dedication is inspiring and through them and others much has been achieved, but the task ahead is enormous.Why not join them and through your love of beekeeping bring joy and hope to others?